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Hair Care for Dry Damaged Hair
Hair Care Tips from Dr. Jayanthy for Dry and Damaged Hair in Tamil. In this video, you will learn about how to care for dry hair.
Why does dry hair become itchy?
Dry hair causes itchiness and flakes that lead to dandruff. Dryness may also lead to excess sebum production to compensate the dryness, leading to an oily scalp with dry ends.
What shampoo should dry hair use?
In such cases, a shampoo with mild detergent properties should be used. A mild shampoo ensures that the hair is not stripped of the remaining natural oils on the scalp. Therefore, shampoos containing strong detergents should be avoided.
How did the hair become dry?
Healthy hair becomes dry when the cuticle is damaged. The cuticle is the outer layer of hair that contains protein bonds that keep the hair smooth, silky and frizz-free. When treatments like straightening and colouring are done at saloons, the cuticle gets damaged and becomes dry. The dryness leads to the hair seeming brittle and damaged and can cause breakage or split ends.
How often should I wash my hair?
Dry hair should be rinsed 2 to 3 times a week using only a mild shampoo followed by an intense moisturizing conditioner.
Are there any ingredients that can harm dry hair?
Sulphates, parabens, minerals, phthalates and other chemicals can further dry the hair. Thus, it is better to consult a dermatologist to recommend a shampoo/conditioner or use one free of all of the above. Styling products like gel, pomade and hair spray should also be avoided because they can make the hair dry.
Should other products also be used?
Apart from shampoo and conditioner, a silicone or keratin serum can be used to coat the hair and help the damaged cuticle. This can prevent the hair from breaking here and there.
How do you grow new healthy hair?
To ensure new hair grows healthy, it should not be damaged due to heat and chemicals. A multivitamin containing protein, zinc, calcium, biotin etcetera will also help in the growth and health of the hair.
Are you looking for Effective Hair Fall Treatments in Chennai?
Book your personalised consultation with a board certified doctor at Tamira. Get in touch with us today.
Hair Fall Solutions for Men: Dealing with Hair Loss
Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body (typically) the head. The severity of hair loss can vary. Hair loss in some people causes psychological distress. Common types include: male-pattern hair loss, female-pattern hair loss, alopecia areata, and a thinning of hair known as telogen effluvium. The cause of male-pattern hair loss is a combination of genetics and male hormones, the cause of female pattern hair loss is unclear, the cause of alopecia areata is autoimmune, and the cause of telogen effluvium is typically a physically or psychologically stressful event. Are you looking for Effective Hair Loss Treatments in Chennai? Book your personalised consultation with a board certified doctor at Tamira. Get in touch with us today.
Hair Tips For Growing Long and Healthy Hair
In this video, you will learn how to pick the right shampoo and conditioner for your hair.
Why is shampoo used?
The fundamental use of shampoo is to remove accumulated dirt, sweat, fugal elements and excess sebum on the scalp.
Why is repeated shampooing bad?
Repeated washing can strip the hair of its natural oils, leading to dry scalp, frizzy hair and breakage. This occurs when the hair shaft is void of necessary nourishment from its natural oil, it damages the outer cuticle layer and makes this hydrophobic fat layer, hydrophilic and open to damage like breakage, split ends and frizzy.
How often should hair be washed?
Healthy hair that hasn't been damaged by heat or chemicals can be rinsed every day provided the shampoo contains a mild detergent with moisturizing properties. However, when the hair has been damaged due to styling, colouring, chemical treatments like perming, straightening and other saloon experiments, should be washed only 2-3 times a week using a mild detergent shampoo.
What type of conditioner is ideal for your hair?
Healthy hair does not require a conditioner, a serum or oil massage/hair mask is sufficient once a week. Dry, frizzy hair requires a conditioner after every wash to restore the moisture content to the cuticle. Treated and damaged hair, however, needs an intense deep conditioner after every wash to prevent brittle hair and breakage.
Does hard water affect hair loss?
Hard water increases hair loss when the cuticle has undergone damage. The hair loss due to cuticle damage is also called telogen effluvium. However, hair loss due to this can be re-grown using hair supplements and proper care.
Best skin treatment ..You May Not Have Known!! Tamira chennai
In this video, our founder Dr. Jayanthy Ravindran will talk about how to maintain good skin health. Skin needs to be maintained every day to result in glowing skin. Daily maintenance of skin also aids in prolonging the signs of aging.
Pro tip: Start maintaining skin early, don’t wait for a problem to rectify it.
Anatomy of the skin:
The epidermis – is the upper layer or the surface of the skin.
The dermis – is the middle layer of the skin.
The hypodermis – is the inner layer of the skin.
A melanocyte – is a pigment or melanin-producing cell located at the base of the epidermal layer of the skin.
What are some common skin concerns?
Brown spots, acne, sunburns, and sensitive skin are prevalent skin concerns.
What triggers pigmentation?
Melanocytes are activated by medication, topical creams, polycystic ovarian syndrome, hormonal imbalances, food allergies, ultraviolet rays, the blue light emitted from our devices, etcetera.
Is pigmentation only on the surface of the skin?
No, pigmentation can be spread anywhere in the epidermal (surface/outer layer) layer of the skin.
How is pigmentation distributed along the skin?
Triggered melanocytes produce melanosomes which are loaded with the pigment melanin. These melanosomes are then distributed along with the dermal and epidermal layers of the skin – resulting in pigmented skin.
When should I begin maintaining skin?
Skincare routines can begin from adolescence. If one looks after their skin from an early age, they won’t face many skin concerns.
What are some treatments used to treat pigmented skin?
Treatments like; cosmelan, dermamelan, superficial peel, yellow peel, microdermabrasion, medium-depth peel, etcetera are used to treat pigmentation. Various treatments like cosmelan, superficial peel, and microdermabrasion work by exfoliating the skin from the epidermis. At the same time, medium-depth peel works by treating pigmentation from the deeper dermal layers of the skin.
: Protecting your skin from pollution
: How to know your #skintype – types of skin
: Daily skincare routine for healthy skin - the importance of #moisturization and toning
: Easy to follow # every day-#skincare tips
How To Find Your Exact Skin Type?
In this video, we will help you determine your exact skin type. Dr. Jayanthy Ravindran, a board-certified plastic surgeon, specializing in aesthetic works, both surgical and non-surgical will help you to find your skin type.
The simplest way to find your skin type is to wash your face with normal water, after a good day of rest. Dap dry the skin and leave it for an hour. And then, take a blotting paper or even tissue paper and then test the quality of your skin in different zones.
First test it in the T-zone, which contains the forehead, lower forehead, nose, and a bit of a chin. Take tissue paper or blotting paper and wipe the T-zone and then observe the tissue paper. If the tissue paper has oil in it, then you are likely to have oily skin. If the tissue paper is clear, then you have normal skin.
However, if the wiped areas look dry or have aberrations, then you are likely to have dry skin. Most people will have combination skin, as there are more Sebaceous glands in the T-zone area. This is the reason why the T-zone is oily when compared to the rest of the face.
There are more pores in the T-zone area, which are active, which makes it more oily when compared to the remaining parts of the face. By using the right cosmetics and following the right steps, one can get normal skin. Hence, it is very important to choose the proper cosmetics, depending on the skin type.
When someone has sensitive skin, the skin barrier has been lost. Hence, the skin reacts quickly with cosmetics, as it goes inside the skin and triggers an inflammatory response. Hence, people with sensitive skin have to give 6 to 8 weeks of time to rebuild the skin, which then becomes normal skin.
Post this period, one can apply the products recommended for normal skin. Post the repair, there is no need to apply products that are meant for sensitive skin. Also, note that the skin type does not remain the same throughout life.
Hence, one might have to change the products to match the current condition of the skin to get the best possible results. Ex: a person who might not have developed any acne could start developing acne, which could be caused by some procedure. There is no definite answer to find the reason behind the skin type change, which can only be evaluated by a trained practitioner.
One of those reasons could be stress, which could trigger the stress hormone, which could trigger the activity of the Sebaceous glands, which will make the skin oily which could lead to pimples. There are also a lot of studies that have proved that blue light will trigger the inflammatory response and release oxygen-free radicals, which damages the skin and loses the skin barrier.
Hence, always identify the skin type and then choose the cosmetics that will work on your skin. If those cosmetics stops working after a few months, get another skin test done and see then choose the product according to the new skin type.
To find out your skin type is the first step when it comes to taking care of your skin. To find your suitable skincare products, create a routine .first you need to find out your exact skin type. This video not only gives answer to how to find out your skin type but also covers basics skincare, what causes these types and why it is important to know your skin type?
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7 Best Skin Care Routine From Morning To Night l Doctor Advice
In this video, we will be discussing the seven best skincare routines one needs to follow from morning to night. These are very basic steps, that everyone can follow on a day-to-day basis to maintain healthy skin.
These skincare routines are applicable for all types of skin, where, the skin has to be cleansed first. Then the skin has to be toned using a toner. Then, one has to treat the skin if there is an issue, and then you have to apply eye cream. Lastly, the skin has to be moisturized, and to protect it from the sun, sunscreen has to be applied.
Do note that, there are some specific sunscreens, where, one can apply the moisturizer on top of the sunscreen. However, in most cases, sunscreen has to be applied after moisturizer.
Cleansing the skin is the most important step, as it cleanses the pores, removes excess sebum, dirt, makeup residue, and grime. Then comes the toner, which hydrates the skin and helps ingredients in the toner, serum, and cream to penetrate into the skin.
Then you have to apply an antioxidant serum, which will help to brighten the skin and also lightens spots, as it carries anti-aging effects. Then use the eye cream, which will moisturize and hydrate the periorbital region, which helps to reduce pigmentation and fine lines around the eye.
Do note that, dark circles are not just pigmentary problems, there are multiple reasons why someone might have a dark circle, where, the area around the eye appears dark. Dark circles are caused if there is excess skin, volume loss, or it could be because of pigmentary deposits like melanin or hemosiderin. Just like how people's legs with varicose veins look dark, the same phenomenon can also be applied to dark circles.
Then finish it off with sunscreen, which is also the most important skincare routine, which helps the skin by preventing premature signs of aging and also protects the skin from the harmful UV rays. It is recommended to use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with min 30 SPF and has to be applied 20 minutes before stepping out of the house.
At the end of the day exfoliate the skin, which helps to remove the dead cells and reveals the fresh skin from underneath. Exfoliation has to be done precisely, as it could micro-tears in the skin and it is recommended to exfoliate just once a week using a chemical exfoliant, rather than a physical exfoliant.
The first five steps have to be done twice a day, while sunscreen should be applied while going out during the daytime.
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How To Pick The Right Products For Your Skin Type l Skin Brightening
Here is a video that explains how to choose the right product for your skincare. One must choose a skincare product depending on the skin type like normal skin, oily skin, dry skin, combination skin, or sensitive skin.
We are not going to mention a particular brand. However, we will mention the key ingredient that you need to consider while buying a skincare product.
Skincare products/routine for people with normal skin
People with normal skin, need to choose a cleanser that contains Ceramide in a creamy consistency. They should scrub their skin twice a week to remove dead cells or the epidermal cells. Do note that, too much scrubbing can make normal skin into dry skin. One can use home-based scrubs made using salts or sugar crystals or even the half-browned green guards.
Do note that, some of the scrubs will take away the oiliness of the skin, which will convert the normal skin into dry skin. For toning, you can go with something that contains Vitamin C or Coenzyme. Again, for treating the skin, one can use a product that contains Hyaluronic Acids or Vitamin C, E.
Then apply a moisturized containing Antioxidants or Hyaluronic Acids. Lastly, finish it off with a lotion-based sunscreen. You can use any sunscreen. Do note that, it is also important to apply sunscreen even when are at home to protect the skin from blue light exposure.
Skincare products/routine for people with oily skin
People with oily skin have hyperactive sebaceous glands. If there is acne, then one might have to take oral medications to reduce acne. For cleansing, people with oily skin should use cleansers that contain alpha-Hydroxy Acids or even beta-Hydroxy Acids, which can reduce inflammation, which will reduce oil secretion.
Oral medications are not prescribed for those who are planning for a pregnancy or for pregnant women. For those, Retinoids are recommended, which will reduce the inflammation and regularise the maturation process of the epidermis.
They have to use a moisturizer containing the same acids or Niacinamide and the sunscreen should be a gel-based sunscreen, as a lotion-based sunscreen could block the pores. Even for those who have combination skin, it is best to go with gel-based sunscreen.
Skincare products/routine for people with extremely dry skin
When extremely dry skin people wash their face, the skin feels white-white and there will also be some amount of flakiness. Hence, they have to use a soapless or creamy cleanser and have to scrub the face once a week, as scrubbing too often will make the skin drier.
Get a toner with Glycerin and treat the skin with Hyaluronic Acids/Exfoliants. Then use a moisturizer with Ceramide or Jojoba oil and lastly a creamy sunscreen.
Those who have combination skin can use most products that are recommended for oily skin. Hence, people with a combination of skin can consider a gel cleanser and it is recommended to scrub twice a week and use acid-containing toners. Treat the skin with Retinoids and use a Niacinamide-containing moisturizer with gel-based sunscreen. In this case, you have to make sure that the oily areas don't become too oily and dry areas become too dry.
Lastly, people with sensitive skin, where the skin barrier function is lost. Hence it is best to choose Parabens or Phthalates acid-free soap and do not scrub. Use Aloe vera based toner and people with extremely sensitive skin might need mild steroids. Lastly, protect the skin with creamy sunscreen.
What are the benefits of Collagen by Dr.Jayanthy Ravindaran | Is Collagen safe & effective?
கொலாஜனின் நன்மைகள் என்ன ? | கொலாஜன் பாதுகாப்பானதா & பயனுள்ளதா?
In this video Dr.Jayanthy Ravindaran explaining about Secret Benefits of Collagen supplements | Health Tips.Please do watch our video and subscribe our Channel.
Are Collagen supplements good for your Skin and Hair? l Hear it from Dr.Jayanthy Ravindran
"Truth About Collagen Peptides Protein." So often, people ask Dr.Jayanthy about the benefits of Collagen for glowing skin and Healthy hair.
In this video, she explains collagen. So, what is collagen? Collagen is an amino acid composition (typical for proteins).
Collagen Benefits and side effects.
How to find the right Collagen powder?
Collagen is nothing but a protein naturally produced in the body. As we grow older, natural production reduces. Hence, we must consume more protein. Protein intake along with collagen claims healthy skin and Hair. It provides skin elasticity, reduces visible wrinkles, and increases blood flow to the skin.
Find the answer to these questions in this video. Now, watch "Truths About Collagen Peptides" with Tamira
Benefits of Kojic Acid
Have you been wondering how to enhance the look of discoloration or resolve the hyperpigmentation on your skin that happened due to melasma or sun damage? If so, you should consider using kojic acid as it acts as an effective skin-lightening agent. The specialty of the ingredient is it can treat several skin problems from melasma to dark spots, acne scars to sun damage. It functions by inhibiting pigment production. If you are hearing about kojic acid for the first time, then you should read about its usage, benefits, and forms of kojic acid in this blog.
What is Kojic Acid?
Being made from various kinds of fungi, kojic acid prevents and hinders the development of tyrosine, which is an amino acid required to develop melanin. It is also a derivative when some foods like rice wine, soy sauce, and Japanese sake ferment. As kojic acid prevents melanin production, it is said to have a whitening effect.
What does it do to the skin?
In simple words, kojic acid functions by restricting the appropriate proteins needed to develop extra melanin. It is classified as an exfoliant and antioxidant and consists of several properties that are helpful for your skin. Some dermatologists prescribe kojic acid creams with hydroquinone for best skin-lightening results. But kojic acid has the potential to work effectively on its own and it is an excellent alternative for individuals who do not prefer or tolerate hydroquinone.
Benefits of kojic acid
· Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory:
Popular for its anti-inflammatory properties, kojic acid assists with inflamed, red, and itchy skin. It even consists of few antimicrobial properties and aids better than Neosporin. While applied on the skin, kojic acid safeguards from certain kinds of bacteria alongside performing other functions.
· Treats melasma:
Pregnant women experience a skin condition called Melasma. It affects them three times faster than normal individuals. As a consequence of Melasma, they may notice dark patches on their face. The melanin inhibiting properties in the kojic acid serve as an effective ingredient to inhibit melasma and its symptoms.
· Serves as an antioxidant:
It searches and responds to skin destructive free radicals that occurred due to exposure to things like pollution and UV damage. Kojic acid enhances overall skin tone and serves as an ideal anti-aging ingredient.
· Aids in fading dark spots from sun, hyperpigmentation, or age:
Kojic acid is mainly used for fading dark spots and enhancing skin color through its antioxidant properties.
· Resolves hyperpigmentation caused due to hair removal:
Do you have scars due to ingrown hairs, razor burns, or hair removal-associated problems? Well, kojic acid is the best option for you. If you are wondering how to stop the irritation in that particular area, you should apply kojic acid. Keep applying and remain patient until the skin gets back to its original tone.
Kojic acid aids in treating and preventing certain common fungal infections like yeast infections and athlete’s foot.
Risks and side effects of kojic acid
It is safe to use kojic acid if it is present in a composition of 1 percent. But still, some individuals experience risks or side effects after its usage. One of the main side effects of kojic acid is Contact Dermatitis. It develops as discomfort, pain, swollen skin, rashes, itchiness, irritation, or redness. It happens mostly for individuals who have sensitive skin or when they use a product that contains a high amount of kojic acid. If you are finding reactions, ensure to stop using kojic acid cosmetics immediately.
Kojic acid should not be used on broken or damaged skin. If you are using topically, you can notice results within one to two weeks. It can be used for treating areas of scarring or hyperpigmentation but should not be utilized for lightening your natural complexion.
Consult a dermatologist when using cosmetic products that contain kojic acid for treating certain appearances or skin conditions. The physician would help in deciding the safest and best course of action for your skin type.
Remember, when kojic acid products are used for long periods, it has the chance to make your skin vulnerable to skin. We recommend using sunscreen regularly if you are using creams or lotions that contain kojic acid.
What products have kojic acid?
Kojic acid is added as an ingredient in body and face products including moisturizers, serums, and soaps. It is safe to use products with kojic acid daily. However, if you are using the product in the morning, you have to use sunscreen for better protection and results. Tamira Pharmacy provides a wide range of top-branded products like Kojic Cream, Lipzlite, Melaglow Rich Cream, and Ethiglo Face Wash. These moisturizers, gels, spot treatments, and serums combine kojic acid with Vitamins A, E, and C and antioxidants to fight sun damage and free radicals and improve the glow and health of your complexion.
Can kojic acid be used for the body?
Kojic acid is mostly found in cosmetic products such as serums, lotions, creams, and even some soaps. The majority of such products are formulated to use on the face or hands. If you are selecting a cosmetic product that contains kojic acid, you can use it as mentioned and even on body parts like the arms and legs.
The composition of kojic acid usually ranges from 1 to 4 percent in cosmetics. Serums with kojic acid can be applied directly to the skin. When applied over, it gets absorbed. Soaps with kojic acid have to be washed off. It should be used only on non-sensitive parts of the body. According to the concentration and the ingredients the cosmetic product is compounded with, it can be utilized daily.
What are the kojic acid creams for hyperpigmentation in India?
Melaglow rich cream controls skin pigmentation that causes skin darkening with its bleaching effect. As you use it, you can notice glowing and damage-free skin. It is mainly used for boosting skin cell activity and treating hyperpigmentation. Some of the other kojic acid creams and lotions for hyperpigmentation are Aloesof lotion and Kojic.
What are the kojic acid creams for skin brightening in India?
Kojic skin lightening cream reduces the black or brown spots that happen on the face post pimples or acne. It consists of three active ingredients like Lactokine, Kojic Acid Dipalmitate, and Azeloglicina that are popular for their skin lightening efficacy. The main benefit of using Kojic is it can be used even during morning hours and it is not photosensitive. It is oil-free, non-comedogenic, and simple to use. It does not cause any irritation to all skin types.
As Kojic does not contain any steroids, it does not cause any side effects. With the help of a unique spot application, apply Kojic on spots that are discolored due to pimples or acne. If you are stepping outdoors, you can apply sunscreen that has an SPF of a minimum of 30 after applying Kojic.
How long does it take for kojic acid to begin showing effects?
It is not possible to see results overnight. However, some people notice the results after using it for a few weeks. If you are using kojic acid continuously, you may notice good improvements in one to two months. Consistency is important for ultimate results.
Remember, kojic acid does not permanently lighten or bleach the skin. Though it brightens to a certain extent, it does not destroy melanin. It will interrupt melanin production. If you are feeling skin becoming light after continuous usage of kojic acid, you can stop the application and see how the melanin production speeds up again. It takes months for your skin to return to its previous state when you stop applying kojic acid skincare products.
What are the foods that are rich in kojic acid?
Kojic acid is derived from aspergillus oryzae (koji malt). In Japanese cuisine, koji malt is utilized in the preparation of foods like miso, sake, and soy sauce. It is mostly utilized as a natural preservative for fresh vegetables and meat and also as an antioxidant. The meaning of the term Kojic means ‘bacteria’, which is ‘culture’ in Japanese.
Miso is the main ingredient for preparing soy sauce. It is a fermented paste obtained from soybeans. It is also prepared by including koji to wheat, barley, rice, and several other ingredients and permitted to ferment. It may take weeks to years for the miso to get fermented. Once it reaches the right form, the ingredients are crushed into a paste and the texture resembles nut butter.
It is popular Japanese alcohol that has been in use since the 3rd century. Some of the main ingredients utilized for preparing Sake are koji mold, yeast, water, and rice. Once prepared, it is evaluated continuously for one to two days and then served for consumption.
Soy sauce is known to have high kojic acid composition. Also referred to as shoyu, tamari, and soya sauce, soy sauce was first prepared in China around 2500 years ago. It is also high in sodium and contains manganese, protein, and niacin.
All you need to know about Cleansers
Cleaning the face is an important skincare routine. The cleanser is a cosmetic product designed for washing away excess oil, dead skin cells, pollutants, sweat, and makeup from the skin. By using a cleanser every day, you can prevent clogged pores. It permits your complexion to breathe, refreshes the skin, and prevents skin issues like acne.
The meaning of the terms cleansing and cleaning is the same i.e. removing impurities or dirt from an area. Cleaning includes everything like washing, removing mess or stain, and tidying. Cleansing is particularly utilized for eliminating germs, impurities or dirt through washing. The term cleanser is used for products that function on the skin. Example- Face cleanser.
The main role of the cleanser is to clean the skin without affecting the top layer. It develops a perfect layer to apply products such as makeup or face moisturizer.
Many of the cosmetic products and environmental impurities that our skin gets exposed to are not water soluble. So, washing the skin with only water would not remove the impurities. The cleansers help in removing dead skin cells, oil, sebum, and dirt without irritating or affecting the skin. It is recommended to cleanse the skin in the morning as well as at night to eliminate toxins that are settled on the skin.
Most people have an opinion that cleansers and face wash are the same. But, they are different products. Though both help in removing oil, debris, and makeup from the face, the way they clean the face is not the same. It is recommended to use a product that suits your skin requirements.
The face cleanser is ideal for soothing, hydrating, and purifying your skin. It is available in textures like watery, gel-like, milky and creamy. The face wash is designed to clean the pores deeply. It develops as foam or foamy when used on damp skin.
Difference between cleanser and face wash:
- The face wash froth like soap and leaves a refreshed and clean feeling.
- The face wash is recommended for individuals with oily skin as it offers a matte look.
- The cleanser is more gentle than soap and face wash.
- The cleanser is hydrating and moisturizing than the regular face wash.
- Cleansers do not consist of ingredients like sodium lauryl sulfate as in the body washes and soaps. It is one of the common skin irritants.
- Cleansers can be used daily to eliminate dirt and make-up from the face and it serves equal to a face wash.
- Face wash can be utilized as an alternative to soap.
- When you are using the cleanser, there is no requirement to rinse it off as you do while using the face wash.
Which is good - Cleanser or face wash?
Some people use the cleanser for cleaning and some use face wash for the same task. Are you wondering which is good for your skin- cleanser or face wash? Well, it can be decided as per the skincare requirements, routine, and skin type of the individual.
For example, if you have sensitive and dry skin types, the cleanser is an ideal option. In the same way, if you have combination and oily skin types and require a little nourishment or remove oil, we recommend using face wash. If your face has been exposed to pollutants and the main goal is makeup removal, the cleanser will serve better than face wash since it can easily eliminate oil-soluble purities.
The cleanser is gentle than the face wash. The face wash is gentler than the soap bar. You can use a facial cleanser and face wash in the skincare routine. Face wash can be used in the morning for complete cleansing. The cleanser can be used before bedtime, before workout sessions, or during the day to eliminate the dirt. The products can be changed or adjusted based on the oil or dry feeling after cleansing. There is no requirement to rinse when you are using the cleanser. You just have to use a towel or washcloth to clear it off.
How to use a cleanser
A cleanser can be used one to two times a day, once in the morning and once at night or when you want to remove the makeup. This two-time routine is sufficient for cleaning away dirt, makeup, and additional oil that are accumulated on the skin. Third cleansing is recommended only when you are dirty or sweaty.
- Before using any face products or cleansers, ensure to first wash your hands thoroughly. If your hands are greasy, the cleanser has a chance to lose its function.
- Take cleanser in a coin-sized quantity and gently massage it into the skin. You can massage it for around thirty to sixty seconds.
- Massage in the upward direction in small circles.
- Now, rinse your face thoroughly.
The following skincare products can be added after the cleanser.
- Toner: It consists of hydrating, gentle ingredients and chemical exfoliants that treat bumps and acne and coddle dry skin.
- Eye cream: A hydrating eye cream repairs the skin barrier and safeguard the under-eyes region overnight.
- Treatment cream like anti-aging cream or serum: Serum consists of extremely concentrated antioxidants, hydrators, and nutrients that enhance your skin health when you apply them.
- Light moisturizer during day hours: It protects your skin and makes the face look happy and healthy.
- Heavy moisturizer during night hours: Night moisturizers with ingredients like proteins, lipids and hydraulic acid boost regeneration and fix damages in your skin.
- Primer: Being a multi-tasker, the primer fills in wrinkles and fine lines, controls oil production and serves as an additional layer for the makeup to stick.
- Face oil or retinol: Continuous use of retinol helps your body to develop less wrinkled, smoother, and fresher skin over time. The oils help in improving efficacy and leave the skin smooth and soft.
- Sunscreen: The sunscreen is applied at the end of the skincare routine. It serves as a shield against the outdoor environment and safeguards your face.
Do’s and Don’ts of cleansing
- Do check the ingredients of the cleanser before purchasing one. It should be SLES or paraben-free.
- Do check whether the cleanser remains gentle on the skin. It should not be excessively oily.
- Do use a toner to neutralize the pH after cleansing.
- Do not over-cleanse. Individuals with oily skin may attempt over-cleansing. This act would eliminate natural oils and damage the top layer of the skin.
- Do not rub the cleanser. Excessive rubbing can affect the pH level of the skin and wipe off the natural oils.
If you are looking for a cleanser that does not strip the moisture or something mild for acne-prone skin or a gel-type or a foamy one, you have to research and choose the right one. Some of the best cleansers in the market are Cetaphil Gentle Skin Cleanser, Cetaphil Brightness Reveal Creamy Cleanser, Zo Skin Health Hydrating Cleanser, and Cetaphil Daily Exfoliating Cleanser.
Cleansers for acne-prone skin
The gel cleansers are recommended for individuals with acne-prone skin. They consist of a gel-like consistency and are ideal for deep cleansing. Due to their exfoliating and antiseptic properties, the gel cleansers are effective at acne-causing bacteria, remove excess oil, and aid in decongesting clogged pores.
Cleansers for dry skin
The cream cleansers are ideal for sensitive or dry skin. They are usually lush and creamy in texture. They can be hydrating or moisturizing and gentle than other cleansers. The best part of cream cleansers is they can cleanse without affecting the skin’s natural oils.
If needed, a cleansing balm can also be included in your skincare routine. It does not require water to clear the oil, makeup, or dirt and it is simple to use. As it contains ingredients such as coconut oil, it hydrates and moisturizes your skin. Also, it does not contain any stripping or harsh ingredients, thus being a great option for individuals with dry skin.
Cleansers for oily skin
Along with gel cleansers, clay cleansers are also best for oily skin. They purify the skin by eliminating excess toxins and oil from the pores. They do not contain any harsh acids or scrubs. The clay cleansers are even recommended for individuals with combination skin and sensitive skin. If you have been using a clay mask, you would prefer a clay cleanser.
Cleansers for combination skin
The foam cleansers are best for the combination skin type. They are in between cream and gel cleansers. At the start, they look like a gel or cream and as you apply, they develop into a foamy, rich lather. They aid in eliminating excess oil and functions similar to gel cleansers. The foam type serves as a powerful cleanser to wash the sunscreen or layers of makeup away gently.
Importance of Moisturizer for a healthy skin
Our skin needs regular care and attention to stay healthy, blemish-free, and young. Moisturizing the skin regularly is important to maintain healthy skin. It helps in increasing the water content of the skin and also safeguard the skin and motivate an orderly shedding (desquamation) course that makes your skin look smooth.
As there are numerous moisturizers available on the market, it may look confusing to choose the right one. Most moisturizers claim that they have the best properties than the other ones. If you are stuck in the moisturizer selection aisle, here is the guide you should read before buying a moisturizer.
Ingredients in a moisturizer
The majority of moisturizers contain the following ingredients and each is included for a unique function. The ingredients are as follows:
· Occlusives with lanolin, cetyl alcohol, and petrolatum serve as a defensive shield, stopping from losing moisture from the skin.
· Emollients like octyldodecanol, cocoa butter, and shea butter aids in sealing moisture and filling cracks in the skin.
· Humectants transfer water to the top portion of the skin that is the epidermis from deep layers of the skin and the air. Some of the common humectants utilized are propylene glycol, hydraulic acid, and glycerin.
While purchasing a moisturizer, it is important to look for the following moisturizing ingredients.
Glycerin: It is one of the common ingredients in moisturizers. As it is a humectant, it aids in keeping the skin hydrated. If the skin is affected with dryness, you can notice it getting damaged due to irritants and bacteria.
Hydraulic acid: It is another important humectant ingredient that is present in most moisturizers. It is natural to lose hydraulic acid as you age. Due to this, the skin may look dry and rough. Hydraulic acid helps in restoring the natural ability by making your skin appear soft and hold moisture though you age.
Shea butter: It is extracted from the origins of shea trees. Shea butter is a natural ingredient that aids in locking moisture content within and smoothing out your skin. It helps in hiding imperfections and hides damaged skin barriers, thus making the skin look vibrant and young. Moisturizers with shea butter should not be applied on the face as it has chances to clog pores.
How moisturizers work on skin?
The skin- largest organ consists of three different layers: the hypodermis layer (fatty or lower layer), dermis (middle layer), or the epidermis (outer layer). When moisturizer is applied to the skin, it supplies moisture to the dermis that is the middle layer. After that layer, water moves outward and upward through the epidermis before evaporating. The evaporation makes the skin flake and crack. It happens continuously although the skin is not dry. Remember, when the air is dry, it will grab more moisture from the skin.
The moisturizers aid in two ways: they re-establish moisture to the outer part of the skin that is lost or trap moisture to prevent it from escaping.
No matter if you have dry, oily, or combination skin, it is important to use the right face moisturizer. Most dermatologists recommend choosing a moisturizer with SPF 30. If you are using it for your face, ensure it is fragrant-free and oil-free.
If you have dry skin, gel or cream-based moisturizer can be used under makeup. It gives a perfectly smooth finish and keeps your skin hydrated for long hours. Individuals with oily skin can utilize moisturizing creams that are oil-free and lightweight.
SPF creams/lotions can be applied over the moisturizer. Also, you can use your regular foundation or makeup once the moisturizer gets dried up on the skin.
How to select a moisturizer?
The skin product’s label may look unintelligible however you can gain a lot of information when you read it closely. We recommend choosing moisturizers with the label ‘non-comedogenic and ‘allergy tested’. These labels do not guarantee that the product is safe, but they can be considered to a certain extent.
The scent of the moisturizer is important as you will be applying it to your face and body. Before purchasing, ask for a sample and smell various kinds of moisturizer. If you have sensitive or acne-prone skin, you need to avoid scented moisturizers.
Consider skin type:
Determine your skin type. It can be either normal, oil, or combination type. If you are having sensitive or acne-prone skin, you can check with your dermatologist. Nowadays, most moisturizers contain labels with information like whom it is formulated for. Read the label instructions and check online reviews before purchasing a product.
Evaluate the texture:
The moisturizer’s texture should be as per your skin type. Individuals with dry skin would require a creamier, heavier formula as it can lock in moisture. A non-greasy and light moisturizer is ideal for individuals with normal skin. It is not only important to see the product’s texture, you should also evaluate how you feel after applying.
Best moisturizers for dry skin
Look for moisturizers with ingredients such as dimethicone and hydraulic acid as they help in keeping your skin hydrated. It should also be a heavy or thick ointment. Some of the other ingredients that are best for dry skin are urea, proteins, propylene glycol, and glycerin. These ingredients help in attracting water to your membrane. Ingredients like petroleum jelly, mineral oil, and lanolin lock in moisture. If you are having skin conditions like rash, itching, red skin, irritation, you must use a prescription moisturizer.
Best moisturizers for acne-prone skin
If you are having acne-prone or oily skin, you must choose a non-comedogenic facial moisturizer as it would not clog pores. When you choose lotions, water would be the main ingredient and serves well for oily or acne-prone skin.
Most effective moisturizers to get glowing skin
The moisturizer enhances elastin and boosts collagen production, thus making the skin radiant and youthful. If you want to get glowing skin, you should choose a moisturizer with natural ingredients like wheat germ oil, vitamin C, macadamia oil, shea butter, coffee, and ginseng extracts, and more. These ingredients keep the skin healthy, retain moisture, and boost radiance.
Best moisturizers that prevent skin from aging faster
Moisturizer helps in hydrating and nourishing the skin. It is important as your skin gets drier and gets older, being more susceptible to wrinkles. Recent research has proved that using face moisturizer that comprises Vitamin C and Hydraulic Acid is effective at stopping wrinkles from getting or forming deeper.
What happens when you don’t use moisturizer?
If you are slashing the moisturizing step, you would be noticing certain unpleasant side effects in your skin. Some of the common results you notice are as follows:
- Itchy and tight skin
- The makeup will appear cakey
- More vulnerable skin
- Sun damage
- Formation of new wrinkles
- Fine lines and wrinkles
- Dry and dull skin
- Breakouts may get worse
How often should I wear a moisturizer?
If you have selected the right moisturizer, you can start using it every day. It helps a long way in camouflaging wrinkles and preventing dry skin. Moisturizer does not stop or prevent wrinkles. Wrinkles happen due to collagen loss. Whichever brand you are selecting, ensure to apply it to damp skin. Imagine your skin as a sponge. If you apply moisturizer on a damp sponge, it would not escape out anywhere and it absorbs entirely. It works the same for your skin. Happy moisturizing.
Benefits of Sunscreen
In recent years, sunscreen is playing a major role in terms of protecting oneself from the sun. However, it not only safeguards you from the sun but remains important for your overall appearance and the health of your skin. If sunscreen is used as prescribed, it aids in preventing premature aging like leathery skin, wrinkles, and sunburns and minimizes the chances of skin cancer. It also helps in decreasing sun sensitivity or sunburn-like skin responses caused due to medications including sulfa drugs, tetracyclines, phenothiazines like chlorpromazine.
Most people think that by wearing sunscreen they can stay long in the outdoors or under the sun. Remember, sunscreen cannot safeguard you from the entire radiation. Ensure to cover your face, lips, hands, and backside of your hands with gloves and mask, and wear hats for complete protection. Apply sunscreen twenty or thirty minutes before you step outdoors. When applying, ensure to apply generously to the exposed areas. Smooth or rub it on your skin until the cream/lotion gets absorbed.
Sunscreens are available in various forms like lip balm, spray, stick, gel, lotion, and cream. It is important to select a sunscreen as per your skin type and exposure. To assist in making informed decisions, you will find answers to frequently asked questions that patients ask their dermatologists.
Ingredients in sunscreen?
The majority of sunscreen formulations consist of at least two Ultra Violet filter ingredients. Some of the common ingredients found in sunscreens are as follows:
- Trolamine salicylate para-aminobenzoic acid
- Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA)
- Zinc oxide
- Titanium dioxide
- Mexoryl SX
- Tinosorb S
These ingredients are effective for stopping sun damage and serve as the best UV absorber. However, if you have sensitive skin, you need to avoid sunscreens with ingredients like Oxybenzone and PABA.
How sunscreens work on the skin?
The Ultra-Violet (UV) rays that are exposed on the surface of Earth contain UVA and UVB photons. UVB rays that have shorter wavelengths do not penetrate deeply into the skin and thus damage the DNA. UVA rays have longer wavelengths and penetrate deep layers of skin, producing free radicals. Certain main skin conditions like skin cancer and sunburn are due to UVB rays. UVA exposure is connected to immunological issues and premature skin aging.
The sunscreen product serves similar to a thin bulletproof vest. It stops ultraviolet photons before they get in contact with the skin and cause damage. The sunscreen products consist of organic sunscreen particles that absorb inorganic and UV pigments that captivate, scatter and replicate UV. If you need utmost protection, you should select sunscreen products with adequate quantities of these safeguarding agents. It has to be applied to the valleys and peaks of skin evenly.
Main benefits of wearing sunscreen?
Sunscreen is recommended for everyone. Children (above six months of age), women, and men can use sunscreen on all days. Sunscreen is recommended for individuals who tan quickly and who do not tan. The skin gets damaged because of sun exposure when you are outside for a long time, though you find traces of burns or not. As babies have sensitive skin, they do not have to use sunscreen creams or lotions. The infants can be protected by covering them with sun protective clothing, shade structure, and keeping them out of the sun.
· Reduces the presence of sunspots:
When your skin is exposed to harmful UV rays, there are chances to witness sunspots. It is also referred to as liver spots or age spots. It is the main culprit for your skin as it gives the aging look to your face. Sunspots appear easily in the body parts like the back, arms, backside of the hands, shoulders, and face. Due to sunspots, you can notice discolored skin or skin in different forms of brown.
· Eliminate broken blood vessels:
Broken blood vessels are also referred to as telangiectasias. The UV rays damage the blood vessel walls of the skin and result in thinning. As the blood vessels thin, they leave the presence of bleeding or bruising.
· Safeguard from sunburn:
When the skin is exposed to UV light or sun without any protection, it results in a serious burn. If the skin is repeatedly exposed to the sun without protection, it is possible to notice increased skin damage and sunspots. It takes a long time to heal the sunburn. Be it the weather is cloudy or cool, it is important to wear sunscreen when stepping outdoors.
· Maintains even complexion:
By applying sunscreen regularly, you can maintain an even complexion. One of the main reasons for uneven skin complexion or tone is skin damage. Daily application helps in preventing these effects.
· Reduces the chances of cancer:
Sunscreen is effective in eliminating the chances of developing various kinds of skin cancers like melanoma. It is extremely aggressive skin cancer and remains life-threatening. Notice cumulative protection within certain days or months by applying the sunscreen continuously.
How often should I wear sunscreen?
Sunscreen has to be applied every one to two hours and is highly recommended after sweating or swimming. It has to be generously applied throughout the exposed body parts even though you are inside the house. Reapplication is necessary as it helps in maintaining the sunscreen’s protective effect.
What other creams/lotions should be worn along with sunscreen?
Moisturizer can be applied as a base layer before wearing the sunscreen. Apply sunscreen after the skin absorbs the moisturizer fully. Be it you are using chemical or mineral sunscreen; it can be applied after the moisturizer. If you want maximum protection from harmful rays, the sunscreen has to be applied over the foundation. If needed, you can wash and reapply, although most women do not prefer that. It can be applied underneath any skincare product, moisturizer, or makeup.
How to choose a sunscreen?
While selecting a sunscreen, you should consider the ingredients or chemical components that may develop allergies in your skin. For example, some people will be allergic to specific ingredients. So, you have to make sure that the ingredients do not affect you externally and also internally like causing a disturbance in hormonal balance. Look at the product’s potential toxicity and safety before purchasing. Some of the main points to consider while selecting sunscreen for your skin are as follows:
· Evaluate the Sun Protection Factor
· Choose a sunscreen with SPF between 30 and 50 and broad-spectrum coverage
· Check the formulas and active components in the sunscreen
· Evaluate how many hours you will be under the sun
· Kind of activities/tasks you will be undertaking under the sun
· Pick the right sunscreen formulation like sticks, lotions, or sprays
Sunscreen for different skin types
There are separate sunscreens for acne-prone skin, sensitive skin, oily skin, and dry skin. If you know your skin condition and type, you can select sunscreen accordingly.
Dry Skin : Individuals with dry skin can select a sunscreen that contains hydrating ingredients such as ceramides or hydraulic acid.
Oily skin: You can buy sunscreens that contain a matte finish. They can protect with their SPF 30 formula, control oil, and at the same time maintain hydration. When you buy sunscreens that are designed especially for oily skin, they absorb quickly, are non-comedogenic, and remain lightweight.
Combination Skin : Most people possess a combination skin type. It means the skin will be normal and dry in some parts and oily in certain parts. In most cases, the skin may look oily in the chin, forehead, and nose (T-zone area). It is best to choose a sunscreen that is recommended for combination skin to reduce the damage caused due to skin exposure. You would notice the sunscreen with the label ‘recommended for combination skin’. Go for it without any hesitation.
Sunscreen form Men: As per dermatologists, sunscreens with broad-spectrum SPF 30 or more are best for men. The mineral sunscreen is water-resistant and offers excellent coverage. It is also hypoallergenic for individuals with sensitive skin. Look for sunscreens with Vitamin E and antioxidants as it aids in reducing free radicals caused by the sun. Sunscreens with SPF 100 may look expensive but serve as a sunshade for your skin.
Should I use different sunscreen for different seasons?
It is recommended to always have two sunscreens with you- a regular lotion for the outdoors and indoors and a water-resistant sunscreen when you are working out or remain in the sun for long hours. Ensure both the sunscreens come with SPF 30 and broad-spectrum labels as such creams aid in protecting against both UVB and UVA rays. Do not cut your skincare regimen due to the onset of monsoon showers. It is important to keep your skin and body well-nourished and well-hydrated irrespective of the season.
Why Toners are an Essential part of a Skincare routine?
A Toner is the liquid that you apply to your skin after cleansing, toning, and exfoliating. Toners are usually alcohol-based or water-based. They come in liquid form or as a spray. Though it looks like water, it is not water. It consists of ingredients that are more than oxygen and hydrogen. According to the type of toner, it contains anti-inflammatories, antioxidants, glycerin, and acids.
The toner penetrates fast onto the skin to remove dead cells that are on the skin surface and deliver quick hydration. As a result, you would notice glowy and plump skin. It is almost equal to a primer and can be included in your daily skin care routine just like moisturizers and serums.
Toners help your skin absorb skincare products, sweep impurities away and bring the skin to natural acidic form. Your skin is similar to a dried-up sponge. When you apply a thick cream or foundation on the sponge, it will not accept as it will not be prepared for moisture. When you wet the sponge and then apply the cream, you would notice the cream blending more easily. Toner can be used for prepping the skin before the thick cream or foundation. It keeps your skin hydrated and improves the skin texture.
There are many reasons why a toner should be used as part of a skin care routine because they have a lot of benefits.
Remove excess oil: The first reason is that they can help to remove any excess oil from the skin. This means that it will make the skin much less greasy and it will also make it easier for other products to penetrate the surface of the skin.
Contain astringents: Toners contain astringents that will help to tighten up the pores and tighten up any creases on the surface of your face.
Induce skin hydration: Toners also contain ingredients as well as glycerin which will lock in moisture into your skin. This means that it can stop you from getting dehydrated patches on your face, making you more prone to wrinkles and fine lines appearing on your forehead. Cleansing helps in removing impurities and also results in a certain level of moisture being wiped out from the skin. It is where a face toner remains useful. It binds moisture and at the same time maintains the elasticity of the skin.
Fight acne: Acne and bacteria are susceptible to excessive large pores. The toners aid in removing oil formation and make sure the skin is safe from forthcoming breakouts. If you want to maintain your skin’s health, you need to use alcohol-free toners as they can protect the skin by producing irritation.
Shrink pores: In most cases, the size of your pores depends upon age, skin type, and genes. Though it is not possible to change the size of the pores, you can reduce their presence to a certain extent. Face toners tighten pores as well as cleanse hard-to-reach dirt. It keeps your skin protected from excess oil or bacteria settling in the skin.
Enhance the effectiveness of other skin care products: The toners help in balancing the skin’s pH level, exfoliate and also help other cosmetics or products blend deep into the skin.
Ingredients in a toner
All the toners will not have the same ingredients and they vary by manufacturer. However, all are used for the same purpose. Some of the common ingredients in the toner are as follows:
Witch Hazel: It is an excellent ingredient for skin. It is known for several benefits apart from toning the surface of the skin. Most people apply witch hazel to the scalp and skin and it is known to soothe sensitive skin and ease inflammation.
Rose Water: Rosewater has been in use since the ancient period. It is recommended for post-acne pigmentation or acne-prone skin types.
Alcohol: It is present in the majority of the toners. It can be irritating and dry the skin when present in high concentrations.
Essential Oils: It is included in facial toners due to its therapeutic benefits and pleasant fragrance. For example, marigold and chamomile extracts offer mild lightening effects and soothe skin. Lavender essential oil offers soothing effects and is a popular antimicrobial ingredient. Toners with these ingredients prove useful for blackheads and acne sufferers.
Emulsifiers and Preservatives: Emulsifiers help to keep water and oil-based ingredients from untying over time. Hydrogenated castor oil and polysorbate 20 serve as emulsifiers and are present in most toners. Preservatives like potassium sorbate, citric acid, and parabens help in keeping harmful bacteria from spoiling the formula and evolving in the toner.
How toners work on the skin
Take a cotton ball and soak with the toner. Sweep the cotton ball throughout the face every morning and night (before going to bed). It should be followed after cleansing your face. Once you prepare your skin with toner, you can apply the moisturizer that will easily get absorbed when applied immediately after using the toner. Then, you can apply your regular skin treatments, creams, or lotions.
This way, toners remove all the impurities, grime, and dirt that remain stuck in the pores even after washing the face. If used regularly or added to your daily routine, it can leave a positive effect on the tightness and appearance of your pores. Toners aid in restoring the pH level of the skin, enhance skin tone, and smooth skin by cleansing rough patches.
Toners contain potent actives and antioxidants that can reduce redness, hydrate, and exfoliate. It serves as a distribution system for vitamin B derivatives, antioxidants, and other toning acids. There are different kinds of toner for each skin issue and it is important to select the right toner for your skin.
Though it is not required for everyone, it offers excellent benefits when you use a toner for a specific concern. If you are following a basic skin care routine like cleansing and moisturizing, there are chances you may be witnessing certain skin issues or concerns. Toner is an excellent option to obtain beautiful and glowing skin. No matter, you are at home or in the outdoors, the skin gets exposed to various environmental pollutants. Residue and impurities will gradually affect your skin mainly when you do not clean it. When you use the facial toner, you can safeguard the skin from dangerous environmental impurities.
By not wearing toner, you will be exposing your skin to harmful bacteria that may thrive in the environment. Though you wash your face regularly, the bacteria can remain in makeup palettes and brushes that you regularly and may get transferred to your skin. The pH level of your skin remains imbalanced especially after you use harsh cleaning soap. The skin may look dull with pores and dark spots.
The toner helps in repairing your skin, controlling blemishes, exfoliating skin, supplying essential nutrients and antioxidants, and offering a ‘wow’ treat to your skin.
How to select a toner?
It is important to determine the ingredients that are right and not right for your skin type and then choose a toner according to your skin type.
For all types of skin: If you are looking for a general toner or a toner that can be applied for all skin types, you have to choose alcohol-free toners. It consists of antioxidants like Vitamin C and it is recommended for all skin types. Moreover, it does not contain fragrance and is prepared with soothing ingredients such as aloe. The texture of the toner is also light.
For acne-prone or oily skin: If you have this skin type, you should look for non-comedogenic or oil-free toners. Some of the key ingredients the toner should contain are beta and alpha hydroxy acids like glycolic acid, lactic acid, and salicylic acid. These ingredients assist in exfoliating the skin by eliminating dead skin cells and wiping up excess oil. They also help in reducing breakouts and reduce the appearance of pores.
For sensitive skin: It is recommended to use hydrating toner with moisturizing ingredients such as hyaluronic acid and glycerin. Some of the other skin-soothing ingredients you should look at while purchasing toner include rosewater and chamomile. Ensure that the formula does not contain alcohol and fragrance as they can irritate the skin.
For normal and dry skin: Individuals with this skin type should choose a toner that contains hydrate-boosting components like hyaluronic acid. Are you wondering what is special about hyaluronic acid? Well, it can hold about 1000 times its weight, remaining as a powerful humectant, preserving the skin moisturized throughout the day. Make sure to avoid toners that contain witch hazel or alcohol-based as they may dry your skin quickly.
What other creams/lotions should be worn before and after a toner?
Facial toner is used in-between your skincare routine. It can be used after washing the face (facewash) and before using moisturizer or serum. Here is the sequence you should follow to get full benefits:
Toner: Face toner should be used first after washing the skin. It aids in restoring the pH balance of the skin, reducing acne problems, and cleaning clogged pores. Most people skip toner because it may irritate the skin. When you use organic toners, you would not experience this irritation.
Serum: It should be used after the toner. When your skin gets exposed to harmful pollutants, dirt, and Ultra Violet sun rays, the skin begins to age early, resulting in the presence of dark spots and fine lines on the skin surface. The serum is excellent for repairing dull skin, fine lines, uneven skin tone, and several other skin problems.
Moisturizer: It should be used only after the serum gets completely absorbed into the cells. Moisturizer is recommended though you have oily or dry skin type. It helps to prepare your skin for the entire day. Moisturizers with SPF protection are known to provide endless benefits.
8 Hair Care Tips for Healthier Hair
Are you using expensive shampoos but still noticing hair fall or hair damage? Well, it is one of the common complaints by many individuals. The advertisements we may come across display overly exaggerated results. Remember, these ads are developed to attract customers and there will be a different story in reality. Before spending on expensive conditioners and shampoos, we suggest checking these natural hair care tips shared by a leading cosmetologist in Chennai. Follow these simple and easy tips for healthier, shiny, and lustrous hair and show off your hair as the models do.
1. A good hair care routine?
Coconut oil helps in safeguarding your hair from dandruff, sun damage and prevents sebum formation from hair follicles that hastens hair growth. The essential fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals in coconut oil strengthen the roots and enhance the overall strength of your hair.
It is possible to achieve excellent results by deep conditioning your hair. After washing with shampoo, remove the extra water in your hair by squeezing gently and dry using a soft towel. Take a sufficient amount of hair conditioner and apply it to the hair roots. Run a broad-toothed comb all through the hair and ensure the conditioner spreads everywhere. Let the conditioner remain in for around ten to thirty minutes. Next, rinse the hair thoroughly and enjoy the results- smooth and silky hair.
Avoid lukewarm water showers:
Warm showers may feel soothing. However, when it comes to hair care, they are not worth it. If you wash the hair with hot-to-touch water, it can damage the essential oils in your hair, presenting a dull and dry look. Ensure to change the water temperature when you are stepping into the shower for hair wash. Do you love bathing in hot water? Remember, it is the main culprit for hair and skin damage. The dry complexion is also caused due to steamy shower baths.
Extra thorough rinsing:
Before stepping out of the shower, ensure to wash again to clear the remaining product. It is important to wash the entire leftover product out as it can result in the build-up.
Use shampoo on your scalp:
As per the AAD (American Academy of Dermatology), the shampoo application should be focused on the scalp and not only the ends and lengths of the strands. If you are using shampoo to wash only the ends and lengths, the moisture gets stripped, resulting in dull, dry, and lackluster hair. The scalp is the main part that produces oil and continuously sheds skin cells. So, while shampooing, focus on your roots and scalps.
Do not dry using a towel:
It is common for all individuals to use a towel for drying hair and removing excess water post-shower. The towel is not the best cloth for your hair. Old cotton T-shirts are gentler than the towel. Ensure to use an old T-shirt for drying and removing excess water from your hair.
2. Hair maintenance Routine
- Get your hair cut regularly. It is recommended to plan once in ten to twelve weeks. It helps in preventing split ends and keeping hair healthy.
- Massaging your scalp helps in increasing blood circulation and promoting hair growth.
- If you are using hair dye or hair colour, select shades that are close to your natural hair colour.
- While blow-drying your hair, begin with the lowest heat settings and slowly increase (if needed).
- Do not use very cold or very hot water for washing your hair.
- Do not rub wet hair harshly with a towel.
- Do not comb or brush wet hair. If needed, you can detangle with a wide-tooth comb.
- Protect your hair strands from UV rays by covering your head with a hat.
- Ensure to air dry your hair whenever you have time after hair wash.
- If you are using dry shampoo, see whether it does not leave any residue behind like clay.
- Switch to a satin or silk pillowcase for better hair care. Cotton pillowcases are harsh on strands and absorb hair care products.
- Avoid shampoos that contain harsh chemicals as they are bad for hair.
3. A Good Diet:
Diet is the major step in hair care. It means you need to include two important things- protein and iron regularly in your diet. One of the fastest developing cells in our body is the hair cell. They are the first cells to get affected when you suffer from deficiencies or do not eat right as these cells are not required for survival.
Try to add iron-rich foods such as cereals, soybeans, chickpea, beans, pumpkin seeds, fish, and leafy vegetables to your diet. Proteins aid in strengthening your hair. So, include wholesome proteins that are high in amino acids such as yogurt, cheese, quinoa, peas, soy, lentils, and milk in your daily diet.
We have listed top foods that aid in healthy hair growth and can be included in your diet easily.
· Avocado (Vitamin E)
· Carrot (Vitamin A)
· Whole Grains (Biotin)
· Seeds and nuts (Omega 3 Fatty Acids)
· Citrus Fruits (Vitamin C)
· Dark green leafy vegetables and spinach (Iron)
· Eggs (Protein)
· Lentils and pumpkin seeds (Zinc)
If you are not getting enough nutrients through your diet, supplements would be helpful. As per research, the supplements are ideal for deficient individuals. It is not recommended if you are not deficient as large doses of minerals and vitamins are harmful to your overall health. By consulting a doctor, you can learn what to consume and whether you are deficient or not.
4. A good dose of Vitamins
Healthy and shiny hair is a sign of beauty or wellness. Just like other body parts, hair requires several nutrients to grow and be healthy. Most nutritional deficiencies are connected with hair loss. Though factors like hormones, genetics, and age affect hair growth, ideal nutrient intake is important. The top five nutrients that are significant for hair growth are as follows:
Vitamin A: Kale, spinach, pumpkins, carrots, and sweet potatoes are rich in beta-carotene. Vitamin A is rich in animal products like yogurt, cod liver oil, eggs, and milk.
Vitamin E: Being an antioxidant, it aids in preventing oxidative stress. Avocados, spinach, almonds, and sunflower seeds are excellent options for Vitamin E intake.
Vitamin D: Our body produces Vitamin D when directly exposed to the sun’s rays. Besides, we can consume Vitamin D-rich foods like cod liver oil, fatty fish, fortified foods, and some mushrooms.
Vitamin C: Vitamin C aids in absorbing iron – an important source for hair growth. Citrus fruits, guavas, peppers, and strawberries are excellent sources of Vitamin C.
Vitamin B: Also referred to as Biotin, Vitamin B is easily seen in many foods such as dark, green leafy vegetables, seafood, fish, meat, almonds, and whole grains. If you are following a vegan diet, you should consider taking a Vitamin B supplement.
5. A healthy Lifestyle for healthy hair
There are a lot of methods you can follow to enhance hair growth like making simple lifestyle changes to following FDA-approved prescription medicines and consuming certain nutrients. If you are wondering where and how to start, you should follow our guide.
Stop smoking cigarettes:
Ditching the cigarette habit may look easier while planning and making decisions than following real-time. If you are searching for a solid good reason to quit smoking, you should consider doing it for the wellness of your hair. Scientists have determined that there is an association between smoking and hair loss. It can be due to several reasons. As smoke is pollution, it has a chance to damage your skin and hair. At the biological level, cigarettes can affect hair follicles' DNA.
Consume Biotin supplements:
One of the best water-soluble vitamins that play an important part in the development of nails and hair is Biotin. It is a popular supplement that helps in promoting fingernails and hair growth.
Hair loss and stress are interconnected. Are you surprised to hear that stress can cause hair loss? Well, in medical terms, stress-related hair loss is referred to as telogen effluvium. This condition can get triggered because of persistent stress or traumatic events and also things like working too hard, crash dieting, etc. Fortunately, it is a temporary condition. It means reducing stress minimizes the chances of getting acquainted with this condition.
If you are in doubt, consult a dermatologist:
It is recommended to consult an experienced dermatologist to check and treat the hair loss issue. It may also happen due to an autoimmune case like alopecia areata. At times, hair loss may happen due to hereditary conditions and passes in the entire family.
There are several treatment options like oral medications, vitamin supplementations, topical medications, and also procedures like hair transplantation, platelet-rich plasma injections that can help. Ensure to meet a board-certified and specialized physician when you want to get the best treatment for your hair.
How to choose a shampoo to control hair fall?
Are you noticing more hair in the shower drain or on your pillow? Hair loss problems may happen because of the wrong shampoo. Choosing the right shampoo is important in controlling your hair fall. When you step into cosmetic showrooms, you would find a huge section fixed for shampoos.
You may encounter numerous shampoos and shampoo brands varying from shampoos for oily hair, normal hair, dry hair, anti-dandruff, glossy, color protect, and volumizing shampoos. At the first look, you may feel confused about which one to choose for your hair. When you read the description or the label, you would find each product improved more than the other.
So, how to pick the right shampoo for controlling your hair fall? Do you need to choose one that contains natural ingredients or one that is expensive? Do you require a mild variant or one that can be even used for the baby? Well, in this article, we are going to share tips that will help you in choosing the right shampoo to control hair fall.
Top tips to select the right shampoo to control hair fall!
1. Know your scalp:
Before selecting a shampoo, you have to know your scalp type as all shampoos are not suitable for your scalp. Generally, shampoos contain cleaning ingredients that aid in removing extra dirt, oils, and buildup from the hair and scalp. It is simple to maintain your hair when the scalp is healthy. But when the scalp is oily and dry, you have to choose a shampoo that is appropriate to your scalp type. If not, it will be hard to manage the locks.
2. Know your hair:
Choose a shampoo that is appropriate for your hair type. Remember, each person has a unique hair texture and type and not all the shampoo is right for your hair. One of the main reasons for hair fall issues is following the wrong hair care regimen. Many hair products consist of harsh chemicals that make the hair lifeless and dull and even damage the locks. When you are choosing a shampoo, determine your hair type. It can be oily hair, dry hair, curly hair, fine hair, or color-treated hair. A shampoo that is made for dry hair would not suit oily hair. It will never work.
3. Use shampoo with natural active ingredients:
It is recommended to use shampoos with natural ingredients as it does not cause any harm to your hair. When you use shampoos that contain chemicals, you would see a lot of side effects as a consequence. Are you wondering how to tackle your hair loss issue and wish to make a smart choice? Well, you should select a shampoo that contains natural ingredients. Ensure to avoid shampoo that contains chemicals such as Olefin Sulfonate, Propylene Glycol, Byproducts of Lauryl Alcohol, Siloxanes, Myreth Sulfate, Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate, and Sodium Lauryl Sulfates. Some of the ingredients cause scalp inflammation and some can be irritants, resulting in brittle and thin hair.
4. Do not give importance to lather:
Most people have a high opinion on shampoos that lather well. The amount of lather is not important when you want the best hair fall shampoo. Shampoo that lathers less is better and it means the contents in the shampoo are accumulating more oils and dirt.
5. Choose a shampoo with the right pH level:
Shampoo with a pH level of about 6.5 is recommended as this is the ideal pH of the hair scalp. When you are using shampoo with this pH level, it would not permit hair and scalp to get dry. It will also retain moisture that is necessary to keep the hair shiny and healthy.
6. Use creamy, nourishing shampoo for color-treated hair:
It is important to give special care and attention to colored hair as it is exposed to chemical treatments. Regular shampoos will not work on colored hair. If you wish to maintain your hair in the best manner, you have to choose a shampoo that is manufactured especially for colored hair. There are chances for colored hair to fade quickly when it is not maintained well. It should be washed once in a few days or requires extra hydration. Color-safe shampoos are gentle than the usual shampoos.
Use sulfate-free shampoos as they can fade the hair faster. The pH level of color-safe shampoos will be very less and they cannot damage the hair cuticle easily. Certain shampoos contain SPF that aids in safeguarding your hair from color fading and sun exposure. Choose shampoos with ingredients such as soy extracts and amino acids to preserve the hair color.
7. Use moisturizing shampoo for dry or damaged hair:
It is challenging to manage dry hair. If your hair is dry and frizzy, you should look for ways to give moisture to your hair. It is also an indication of hair damage. Your hair may break or become brittle. Coarse and dry hair gets tangled easily and needs nourishing and gentle shampoo as part of the hair care routine. Ensure to select creamy and moisturizing shampoos if you have dry hair.
As this type of hair is susceptible to frizziness, choose shampoos with moisturizing ingredients that reduce frizz and condition the hair. It is best to use shampoos manufactured for dry hair. It works best especially when you use conditioner after the shampoo. The nourishing conditioner consists of hair smoothening properties that aid in controlling frizz and locking moisture after hair wash. Do not use shampoos that contain sulfates as they can dry away from natural oils and make the hair dry.
8. Use clear shampoo if you have fine hair:
As fine hair consists of a naturally silky texture, it needs less drying time. It becomes oily easily and consists of less volume. Creamy shampoos are not recommended for fine hair. It is best to use non-creamy and volumizing shampoos. These shampoos are light, boost the hair cuticles and develop a form in your hair. Volumizing shampoos consist of ingredients such as hydrolyzed wheat protein. It aids in improving the hair shaft diameter and thus, transforms your hair bulky. Also, ensure to select silicone-free shampoo as it can help in managing fine hair strands.
9. Use creamy shampoo if you have curly hair:
If you have recently had a perm or naturally curly hair, you should treat the hair with extra care. You cannot use the normal shampoo for your hair. Ensure to select a shampoo that is made for your hair type or treatment or with high protein contents for deep root moisturization and conditioning. The curly hair will get damaged in high humidity and look dry due to its texture. If you have frizzy curls, you should use an ultra-moisturizing shampoo that reduces dryness and frizz without affecting your hair.
10. Use anti-dandruff shampoo if you have greasy, itchy hair:
Oily hair has to be washed frequently to reduce its greasiness and get a nice shine. Due to too much sebum, your hair would remain dirty and oily most of the time. When you use harsh shampoo, it may damage hair. So, if there is too much oil production or experiencing dandruff symptoms, or have a scaly, itchy scalp, you should choose anti-dandruff shampoo. It helps in keeping your hair lustrous and clean, control hair fall, and is free from itching and flakes. Individuals with this hair type should avoid using creamy, moisturizing, and hydrating formulas as that can add grease and moisture to the scalp. So, choose shampoos with strengthening and balancing formulas.
One of the important parameters you should consider when selecting the shampoo is price. There are a lot of options and it is hard to say whether drugstore shampoo or high-end shampoo formulas are best. Most high-end shampoo formulas do not contain harsh ingredients. It will be more expensive than the drugstore shampoos. The drugstore shampoos are affordable; however, it has chances to strip the natural oils in your hair. If you have dry hair or color-treated hair, you should not opt for drugstore shampoos.
12. Argan oil:
If your shampoo contains argan oil, it means you have selected the right shampoo. Argan oil promotes hair growth and prevents the lessening of hair follicles in both women and men. It fights dandruff and serves as a moisturizer.
It is an effective hair loss fighting component. When selecting a shampoo, ensure to check whether it contains cayenne. This ingredient is used for numerous hair growth and medical applications. It stimulates the scalp by improving the overall circulation and drawing blood towards it.
14. DHT Blockers:
DHT repairs the hair follicles. Ensure to buy shampoos with Dihydrotestosterone blockers or DHT blockers. Some herbal shampoos consist of vitamins that develop a natural DHT blocker and aids in improving hair growth and reducing short pattern baldness.
If you want to follow a perfect hair care routine, you have to select a shampoo that is appropriate for your hair type. By researching the ingredients, various formulas, and benefits, you can choose a shampoo that will aid in giving you the best results. If required, you can also consult your dermatologist and use shampoo as per their recommendations.
What Is The Correct Skin Care Routine?
If healthy skin is what you are looking for, then you must follow a committed skin care routine. And it is not just any routine that involves toning, cleansing, or moisturizing. There is a hidden philosophy which if followed rightly will reward you with glowy, shiny, and healthy skin.
However, not everyone gets to taste the success of the right skincare routine. And with billion products and unlimited options, the entire skin care routine not just becomes confusing, but also difficult. Besides, it also takes a toll on your skin, hurting and damaging your skin at worst.
By now, your panic level sure must have crossed its limit, leaving you stressed and worried. Relax and ease yourself, for this article will introduce you to the whole new world of skincare routines.
Why Is The Correct Skin Care Routine Important?
Many times you may wonder as to why it is important to follow a skin care routine when your skin looks just fine. As per the experts, your skin may look fine now. But after 5-10 years, your skin will start showing weak lines, spots, marks, etc., which of course is irreversible. If you do not want to look aged before you reach the actual period, then you must follow a regular skin care routine. Besides, there is no one age period for skin care as you can start anytime. However, the earlier you start taking care of your skin, the better and rewarding it will be.
When you follow the right regimen of skin care, you will be benefited to the fullest. So the first thing you must take note of is to follow the correct instructions. Note that there is a no-one-rule notebook for skin care, as each skin type is different and so is their care.
Before you randomly start with any routine care, you must identify your skin type. This will help you follow the correct skin care routine and will also bless you in many ways.
Know Your Skin
If you are finding it difficult getting to know your skin type, then the below cheat sheet will help you know your type.
· Oily Skin – Greasy and shiny, accompanied by big or small pores.
· Dry Skin – Scaly, flaky, and sometimes rough appearance.
· Sensitive Skin – May experience itching, sting, or burning after using makeup or other related products.
· Combination Skin – It may be dry in some places mostly in the cheeks and oily spots in the nose, forehead, and chin.
· Normal Skin – Clear, balanced, and is not sensitive to any products.
Once you get to know your skin type, you can start with a skin care routine that perfects your type. Since you will be following it regularly, you must keep it simple and easy. This will help you keep focused on keeping your skin healthy and fresh while removing the confusion and complicated part.
Let’s get started with the right skin care routine for a beautiful glow and shine.
Skin Care Routine
It does not matter whether you are following the 10 steps Korean beauty skin care routine or a couple of step routines. What matters here is how you follow it as you will be using many products at a time. The first basic rule while layering the products is to start with thin, water-based formulas and finish it off with thick products. The prime purpose here is to allow the product to absorb before the application of the next product. It is because water-based formulas are easily penetrable and quick in the absorption process when compared to heavy products.
Keeping the above thumb rule in mind, let's break the skin care routine for day and night, summer and winter.
Skin Care Routine One Should Follow During the day
The skin care routine for the day is all about shielding from pollution, sun, dirt, and other related elements. Start by following the below steps.
Step 1 – Cleanser
Start cleaning the skin by washing your face with warm water. This is the most important and basic part which must be done twice a day. This will remove sweat, dirt, microbes, grime, and pollution. Use a gentle face cleanser formula that suits your skin type.
If your skin type is normal/combo, then wash your face with a cleanser or a soap using your fingertips. Never scrub your face hard and wash with warm water.
If your skin is dry, then use a cleanser that has no fragrances or alcohol, as these ingredients will dry out the skin more. Wash with warm water and avoid hot water, for it will remove the natural oil of your face and make it look drier and flakier.
Use an oil-free cleanser for oily skin. If you are using astringent or toner after, then be careful as there are high chances that it will irritate the skin.
For sensitive skin, use a gentle cleanser and pat dry. Do not use products that have ingredients like soap, alcohol, fragrance, or acid. Instead opt for those products that have green tea polyphenols, aloe, oats, etc. The fewer the ingredients on the product, the better it is for the skin.
Step 2 – Toner
Not many are a big fan of toner, for few experience irritations on the skin. If you have been using toner and have not experienced any side effects, then you can go ahead with it. Toner helps to remove dirt, residue, and oil that remains after the cleansing process. It also helps to return the ph. level of the skin after soap usage.
But if you have not been using toner, and your skin looks just fine and healthy, then you can simply skip this part.
Step 3 – Serums
The serum is your skin's best friend which is highly recommended to use in the morning. Since there are varied types available in the market, it is best to use those that contain vitamin C. It does not just help free radicals that lead to premature aging of the skin but also brightens it. A good face serum will help the skin from sun damage and can be applied at any day time.
Step 4 – Spot Treatment
Spot treatment will enhance the skin and clear off the spots, leaving your skin fresh and healthy. But make sure you consult with your dermatologist, as not all spot treatments are designed for all skin types. It also dries out the skin, so make sure you apply it only on the spots.
Step 4 – Moisturizers
Moisturizing your skin daily is one of the most important steps for healthy skin, regardless of oily or dry type. Your body is naturally designed to secrete oil that acts as a protective covering against infections and harsh conditions. However, you still need an extra protective layer for harsh chemicals, sun, and weather.
Choose your moisturizer depending on your skin type. If you have issues with acne and have oily skin, then go for a lightweight oil-free product, so that it does not block the pores. Lightweight gel moisturizer has proved to be of great help for dry skin. The best time your moisturizer will work perfectly is when you apply it while it is still damp, as this will help in locking the moisture.
Step 5 – Sunscreen
This is the last step of your skin care routine that must be followed during the day. It is effective, safe, and protects against skin cancer. It also delays the skin aging process like pigmentation and wrinkles. Although your moisturizer will have sunscreen on it, it is still advisable that you use a separate lotion for extra protection.
When buying sunscreen, make sure you opt for the one that has broad-spectrum protection with the sun protection factor – SPF of 30. Whether it is cold or sunny, apply it every day. And if you are constantly exposed to the sun, then apply every two hours. Apply the sunscreen 30 minutes before you are exposed to the sun and make use of other protection methods like a hat or umbrella.
Never use vitamin A creams like retinaldehyde or retinol during the day, as it will increase sun sensitivity. Vitamin C can be used during the day as it will protect from pollution and UV rays.
Skin Care Routine One Should Follow During the Night
The morning routine is all about protection, while the night skin care routine is about repairs and treatment. If your skin is irritated after your long hard day, then hydrate and protect it. If dull, exfoliate it. The following is the step guide to use during the night.
Step 1 – Cleanser
The first thing you must do is to remove the dirt, grime, oil, and makeup from the skin. If you are wearing makeup, then use a good makeup remover before you start with the cleansing process. Double cleansing is very effective and must be used at night time. It involves cleansing oil that removes the makeup and other dirt from the face and then washing it off. Once you are done with the cleansing process, wash your face with the regular cleanser.
Step 2 – Face Mask
This is optional, but if used, your skin will benefit a lot from it. This step must be followed after the cleanser and can be used at least twice a week.
Step 3 – Toner and Serum
Apply the toner as you usually apply it in the morning. And to further boost your skin, you can apply serum as well. The prime purpose of these products is to nourish and hydrate the skin.
Step 4 – Retinol
It helps to boost the production of collagen in the skin and even the skin tone. If you are using retinol, do not use any acid-containing products for any unwanted reaction.
Step 5 – Moisturizer/Oil
Wrap your night routine with the best night cream or moisturizer. Do not use the same moisturizer day and night, as each is designed accordingly. Night creams are heavy and thick, which is not the same as day cream. Choose the right night cream to help lock the moisture in the face. If your skin is dry, then simply apply face oil before you apply the night cream.
Skin Care Routine One Should Follow During Winter
Winter is not just the season of cold and harsh weather but also dry and flaky skins to brittle bones. This season surely brings loads of troubles to our skin, however, there needs to be no panic attack. Your skin can stay fresh and glowy by following the below simple winter care tips.
· Nourish – It is the time for creamy cleansers. Go for cleansing oil or oil-based foaming cleanser. Choose products that contain vitamin C, ceramides, moisturizing properties, and niacinamide.
· Moisture – Apply moisturizing cream as soon as you step out of the shower. This will seal your face moisture. Apply at least twice a day. Take advantage of your spare time and cold weather by applying the hydrating mask, at least twice a week.
· Sunscreen – If you thought that sunscreen must be used only during summer, then you have got the whole idea wrong. It is an everyday commitment, regardless of summer or winter. And this may come as surprising news, winter sun is more harmful when compared to the summer. Apply every 2-3 hours if you are being exposed to the sun to avoid problems like wrinkles, fine lines, and skin sagging.
· Night time Care – It is the time for repair. Buy the best nourishing cream that suits your skin type. Look out for ceramides, polyhydroxy acids, and retinol that will shield your skin from the harsh weather.
Skin Care Routine One Should Follow During Summer
When the weather presents you with excessive heat and humidity, your skin is the one that suffers the most. If you want to avoid unwanted summer skin problems like sunburns and rashes, then follow the below skin care routine steps.
· Wash Face – Summer is the time when your skin produces excess oil. Wash your face twice a day, which is in the morning when you wake and at night before going to sleep. Make sure you foam wash your face to avoid unwanted skin troubles.
· Exfoliate – Oily skin is not the only issue, as you have to deal with dullness and dryness. This is why it becomes very essential to exfoliate your skin regularly during the summer days. Use natural home remedies like coffee grounds mixed with sea salt and oil or just invest in good face scrubs. It will remove the dead and dry cells and rejuvenate your skin keeping it healthy and fresh. Don’t forget to exfoliate the neck and lips too.
· Refreshing Toner – Toner helps to close open pores, which in turn avoids acne. Buy refreshing tones that have cucumber or aloe vera in it.
· Dual-purpose Moisturizer – Choose non-greasy formulas that contain ingredients like Vitamin A and C. It will be an added point if it has SPF in it. Apply moisturizer after your shower.
· SPF – Buy a good sunscreen that comes with SPF 30-50. Even if you are not stepping out or just going for a swim, make sure you apply it many times to avoid skin damage.
· No Heavy Makeup – Heat and humidity will prevent the skin from easy breathing. Avoid heavy cosmetics and foundations and go for light moisturizer and makeup.
· Protect Eyes, Lips, and Feet – Wear sunglasses, use moisturizing lip balm and eye gel whenever you step in the sun. Don’t forget your feet and apply moisturizer and sunscreen to your feet as well.
· Be Hydrated – Apart from sunscreen and moisturizers, make sure you keep yourself hydrated with water and fruit juices as they will glow your skin from inside.
Apart from following the above simple tips, another thing that one must always keep in mind for healthy skin is eating smart. Your skin is the depiction of what you eat. Eat loads of fruits, veggies, and whole grains. Fill your plate with lean proteins like fish, beans, chicken, eggs, and lean meat. Avoid trans-fat, high cholesterol, salt, saturated fats, and sugar. And the most important part, stay relaxed and stress-free.